2 04 2012

The benefits in learning leadership are that we can develop ourselves to face the challenges which are there in world and it builds confidence in ourselves. This helps us to recover faster from any kind of problem and this gives confidence while communicating thereby and improves the communication skill in us. This learning helps us to handle problems and build a team which is high performing and this enables us to recover faster from the problem and makes us to come up with a solution which will be effective and also can be used in such future scenarios. By doing this personal reputation increases and thereby company reputation also increases. Thus the company value increases and customers will be satisfied by the company’s products. For example: Steve jobs as a leader was able to increase the productivity and thus customers had a good belief about the product they. Thus the company creates good impression in every customer as a result of which they also buy other products, this is all due to the leader who solved problems and was able to lead a team with high skilled employees and the productive work he was able to achieve through them. By studying leadership we will be able to cut the waste which happens in the company and outside the company. As this helps the leader to be good in setting a strategy by which goals can be achieved and as a result of which he will be able to run the company without problems. This benefit us to understand the mindset of the  employees and make them work towards the  goal and help them to build career in company  through which company gets good result and efficiency thereby  gets increased. These benefit us to avoid major problems and help to move forward towards the goal without any hurdles.

Personally after studying leadership I am able to communicate very well verbally and write a document better than before. Another enriching learning experience was during my “Leading in changing world” module. In that we were formed in a group and we were asked to build a structure using LEGO.  I took the lead in the group and also took the responsibility as a leader by introducing myself to others and others followed suit. We started to build a structure but initially we did not have an idea .So I gave five minutes time to come up with a ideas and we brainstormed lot of new ideas from everyone in the group about how structure should look. After five minutes we filtered a lot of ideas but I wanted to show an uniqueness as a team and differently I started to build base which is supported by four cubes which touches and other parts will not touch the ground this made our group mates to think different and other great ideas given by the team members where used while building the pillars. Next we were planning to have a big pillar which supports a platform and thus we had a different, unique structure which was also looking good.

Before I was not as confident a person as I am now and I was avoiding communication with others even when it was necessary but this module has had an overwhelming change in by giving me immense confidence and motivation to do things. Professor himself was a great leader and motivator for the students which made me easily understand the concept of leadership. While studying I put myself as leader during the group works. Hence learning this has made a better, confident person with good communication and leadership skills too. The feedback given by my colleagues in my improvement were also useful as they clearly helped me improve my minuses and boost my pluses.





2 04 2012

Ethics is “also called moral philosophy, the discipline concerned with what is morally good and bad, right and wrong the term is also applied to any system or theory of moral values or principles” (www.britannica.com). In this world every man has to have his own ethics which will make him different from others and this quality increases his personal value. So as a leader he has to be more ethical and he should possess more ethical values so that he can be focused as well he can achieve heights. Leadership determines whether the company is good or great (Thompson, Karen J, Thach, Elizabeth C, Morelli, Melissa, 2010). By these ethics leaders integrity increases and this integrity is nothing but the quality of the leader .If he violates this integrity he actually violates the moral which are set by him. If a leader doesn’t violate the ethics then he is determined as the best leader as well he is set to work at any working condition. These ethics directly impacts the personal behaviour of the individual. There are many organisations which has its own ethics and it make the employers to follow it. These ethics brings integrity in people and it motivates the employees in the company (Emile Kolthoff, 2010).

Ethical leadership is “Ethical leadership is knowing your core values and having the courage to live them in all parts of your life in service of the common good” (www.ethicalleadership.org)

As a leader they must know everything about the company by which they should frame work about the ethics so there are certain frame works in ethics which include deontological and teleological. In deontological, it deals with the duties which leader has to do and the obligations this is also known as the formalism. Teleological focuses on the consequence of an act if they do. Ethics are for managing themselves, by managing themselves they can be perfect in their lives.

As an ethical leader he/she should have four V’s which are more essential for being best which are Value, Vision, Voice, Virtue these V’s are very important for the leader to know about the internal and the external ongoing ,for achieving a common goal. These ethics makes a leader to be the best and it internally prepares him to be the best.

These ethical leaders should know the value of each person and it makes them understand the commitment which they have undertaken. Leader should be a visionary focusing duly on the future as well it should make an action plan which leader should do achieve a goal. As a leader they should be good in voice by which they can motivate the employees and make them work for the goal as well they should have a voice which convince them to do the work. Leader should have good virtue in work.

Ethical leaders are very honest in their work. They are stable in what they do and they will work very carefully to avoid mistakes. They take successful leaders as their inspiration. They care a lot for their workers and make them comfortable by which workers feel convenient to work with them. They are transparent and they don’t hide anything by which they avoid problems though this sometimes might affect them. They are open in communicating and they accept the same from others and they expect everyone to be free in what they want to tell. They even share power with employees by which employees become more responsible and work hard.

To be an ethical leader they should be morally strong and should be free to accept and deliver voice and should care for company and the workers. They should be balanced in whatever they are doing (www.ethicalleadership.com).


Thompson, Karen J, Thach, Elizabeth C, Morelli, Melissa (2010), “Insights to a Changing World Journal”, School of Business and Economics, Sonoma State University, Issue 4, p107-130, 24p, 5 Charts

Emile Kolthoff et al (2010), “Comparative analysis of ethical leadership and ethical culture in local government: The USA, the Netherlands, Montenegro and Serbia”, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Vol. 23 Issue: 7, pp.596 – 612.

“Ethical Leadership”, Available from <http://ethicalleadership.org/about-us/philosophies-definitions/ethical-leadership > [Mar 2012]

“What is ethics?”, Available from <http://www.britannica.com/bps/search?query=ethics> [Mar 2012].

Desmond Berghofer and Geraldine Schwartz, Available from <http://www.ethicalleadership.com/BusinessArticle.htm> [Mar 2012]


2 04 2012

This blog is all about the two successful leaders and their team leading style to be different from others and to achieve what others couldn’t achieve. Here I am going to speak about Steve jobs and bill gates as they are in same field but both are successful because of the leadership styles.

Steve jobs.

Steve job is a leader who had his own leadership style which has made him a good in many aspects. He is the leader who didn’t follow any managerial styles which are in the textbooks and he was known for his own approach. He demanded high quality from all his workers and he is also known for denigration. He had a vision which made all his workers, investors and the customers to follow him. He is called as a visionary because of his high standards and the things he innovates which are unique. He is a leader who is very good in criticising others work and he expect a lot from others which made other difficult to work under him (Sarah McInerney, 2011),

Bill gates:

The work which bill gates do and his style are legendary because of the innovative and the hard work he does to get the work done. He is good in controlling and detailing of a work which he does. Bill gates made his managers to think as they are the CEO and he made them work for it by which they were able to come up lot of ideas and they invented many. He is logical and he made himself work like a manager and he worked for it. As he was getting richer he made his manager extremely rich by which made about one third of employees who work in his company are millionaires. This made the workers in the company be comfortable (n.a., 2009).

Steve jobs:

He is an honest and trustworthy at the same time stubborn in what he is doing and he is ready to do anything for example he disturbed many to get his work done to achieve his goal (Evann Gastaldo, 2012). He was drug user which made him get it to trouble many times and he himself told to others about the usage (Rosa Prince, 2012).  He recruited people who had high skills and knowledge but he didn’t look for the experience due to this he made people work for producing product which are innovative and attracted people and this made people to look down at other companies after the raise of apple.

Bill gates:

He was a student when he was about to start Microsoft but he discounted studies and he started his own company with his childhood friend named Paul Allen. Bill gates were determined in what he was doing and he even had a vision towards personal computers which was the main success of him. He was making things easy and cheap so that everyone was able to have it he even solved many problems by himself. He is person who gives money to charities and he is down to earth even after reaching heights (n.a., 2012).

In organisation:

Steve was able to bring revenue of $US5billion in 2000 to $US351 billion which they started with $US1300 and it is known as the best publicly listed companies (Sarah McInerney, 2011). This happened due to the vision towards the model and this made them reach the heights.

Bill gates even after all his earning he is spending amount for charities with his wife to change the world so by which his value has got decreased and Microsoft is now lesser value than the apple but they have their own market and they are about to come out with new products which is same like a tablet PC and the surface computers which will increase their product and which will make them again be the market leaders.

So these two people are different in approach, ideas and their moral but both had a common goal of achieving heights in their business. This uniqueness has brought them this heights and the work which they did.


1. Sarah McInerney (2011), “Steve Jobs: an unconventional leader”, Available from <http://www.smh.com.au/executive-style/management/steve-jobs-an-unconventional-leader-20111007-1lcmo.html> [Mar 2012]

2. (2009), “The Gates’ Leadership”, Available from <http://trendsupdates.com/the-gates%E2%80%99-leadership/> [Mar 2012]

3. Evann Gastaldo  (2012), “Inside Steve Jobs’ FBI File: ‘A Deceptive Individual’”, Available from <http://www.newser.com/story/139360/inside-steve-jobs-fbi-file-a-deceptive-individual.html> [Mar 2012]

4. Rosa Prince (2012), “Apple founder Steve Jobs ‘took drugs and abandoned his family’”, Available from <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/steve-jobs/9072749/Apple-founder-Steve-Jobs-took-drugs-and-abandoned-his-family.html> [Mar 2012]

5. (2012), “Biography”, Available from <http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/exec/billg/?tab=biography> [Mar 2012]



2 04 2012

In this modern world change is needed every day for the betterment of the company. So many companies accepted it and they are changing themselves to sustain and survive. But there is a company which didn’t accept the fact that it should change its style of business and the company is J.C.Penney. This company was established in year 1913 by the James Cash Penney who is the founder of the company and this company had 175 stores in 22 states of United States of America. And they even spread their business by acquiring many companies and they opened their 500th store in James Cash Penney’s hometown which is Hamilton, Missouri (www.jcpenney.net). This company by 1928 opened 1000th store which was officially in operation. Now this company operates in all 50 states of America and Puerto Rico.

This company started facing problems as competitors began to change and by which they had business losses and employees weren’t able to meet the target set by the company. So they employed Ullman who was the main person behind the growth of company when it was in solvent state. When there is a change, company undergoes three states which are risks, cost of change and the benefits. Whenever there is a change company has to accept the risk which it is taking to achieve a goal while in these changes they have to invest some money and this change will increase the company value. So Ullman brought in many ideas  like WTP-winning together policy, disbanding office police, firing COO, just call me “MIKE”, The power of IT,  Retail Academy, Relaxation of dress code and culture. These changes were accepted by all the employees and they appreciated the work. As per Lewin’s 3 step model when there is a change it takes 3 stages which are unfreeze, change and refreeze(www.lmcuk.com). When comparing Lewin model with Ullman change things which are unfreeze are rigid formal cultures which were in the industry, formal dress codes and the official policies which were followed in the industry. Certain things  which were benefitting e no outsourcing of training, firing COO, development in IT systems, retail academy and “Every Day Matters”. So by doing these changes workers had relaxation in working and they brought high profit when compared to the past five years. These changes motivated workers so that many involved in the work and came out with new ideas. And by disbanding the staff polices which made work more comfortably and which allowed personalizing their working environment and as a result satisfied with their workplace (Purkayastha D 2007). These changes created positive energy to everyone and the new IT system was made so that the workers in retail shops get to know about the updates and news from the company. Retail academy was helpful to employees for having a strong relationship between the customers and through which customers got attracted towards the company. By all these changes company had a democratic, transactional and transformational type of leadership which is very important for the company’s growth. Due to these changes operating profit grew by 22.5% between 2005 and 2006 and by the end of 2006 stock prices went up by 47% which were a good sign for the company’s growth (Purkayastha D 2007).

So change has to be made in order to improve the working quality and by this changes company can survive in the competition. Change is a positive sign for all companies’ growth and these changes should be done very carefully because it affects company at any stage.


  1. K.Lewin, “Lewin 3 Step model”, Available from <http://www.lmcuk.com/management-tool/lewins-3-stage-model> [Mar 2012]
  2. Purkayastha D (2007), “Remaking JC Penney’s Organizational culture”, ICMR center for management research, p1-20.
  3. (2012), “about JC Penney”, Available from < http://www.jcpenney.net/About-Us.aspx> [Mar 2012]


2 04 2012

Leaders are the people who initiate a work, motivate their subordinates and provide guidance to them, create confidence in them to do the work, build morale, create a work environment and coordinate people to get the work done easily (www.managementstudyguide.com). Leaders are the people who connect everyone and unify them to work towards one or more goal so in every organization, success is determined by the leaders. The leaders work to achieve a goal by efficiently using their subordinates. Transactional style of leadership was described by Max Weber in 1947 and it was redesigned by Bernard bass in 1981. This is the style which is found in most of the leaders and this style was followed by famous leaders like McCarthy and de Gaulle. This leadership style is motivating to the subordinates and directs them towards the goal which has been set by the top level management. Leader power comes from the higher level authority and the responsibility which is imposed on them. Here the subordinate’s main goal is to follow the instructions given by the leader. This style is also known as the “telling style”.

These kind of leaders believe that the motivation of employees occur by awarding them with cash or through some gifts and these leaders will punish those subordinates who didn’t do the work which was directed to them. These leaders exchange about the improvements which take place to achieve a goal.  These exchanges include contingent reward, active management by exception, and passive management by exception and laissez-faire (www.mindtools.com)

In this four types contingent rewards mean that this kind of leaders connect goal to the goals, in this they expect work and they set SMART which is specific, measurable, attainable, realistic and timely goals to the subordinates who are working under them by which those subordinates should work for it (www.managementstudyguide.com).

These leaders look after all the works which are done by their subordinates and they take preventive measures to avoid the mistakes. These leaders interrupt when the standards which are set by the top management are not met and when quality of work is not satisfactory. These leaders will be ready to punish the subordinates when they don’t meet the level which is expected by their top level management (www.managementstudyguide.com). Even they allow their subordinates to make decision some times and even sometimes they avoid making decision by which the subordinates may make mistakes and sometimes they may lack direction.

Assumption in this theory is motivation occurs when subordinates are rewarded and punished. Subordinates should always obey all the orders which are imposed by their superior officers. In this kind of leaders the subordinates who work are not self motivated by which they have to be closely watched to get the work done (www.managementstudyguide.com).

This theory has some draw backs which are the motivation styles, leadership quality, subordinates not being self motivated restriction to the employees and avoiding making decisions.

There is another leadership which is transformational leadership style in this leader is the one who acts before the situation arises because of which they are called proactive leaders. They try to transform working culture by coming up with new ideas. They motivate and empower their subordinates by which subordinates work for it and come up with new ideas which will help in the development of the company. These leaders encourage subordinates who possess or show extraordinary talent which makes them work happily for the company and this is an added advantage to the group as well as to the whole company (www.leadershipchamps.wordpress.com).

As a transactional leadership should add transformational leadership qualities which make fulfilled leader and it makes them unique as well it is an added advantage to them.


(2012), “Transactional Leadership theory”, Available from <http://managementstudyguide.com/transactional-leadership.htm> [Mar 2012]

(2012) “Leadership styles”, Available from <http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_84.htm> [Mar 2012]

(2008), “Transactional Leadership vs. Transformational Leadership”,

 Available from <http://leadershipchamps.wordpress.com/2008/08/04/transactional-leadership-vs-transformational-leadership/> [Mar 2012].